Net neutrality is one of those issues that not everyone understands, but is a great issue to discuss in government class. In fact it might be what I open my government class with next fall as it would be an interesting discussion to contrast the needs of large companies versus new start-ups. The FCC today voted 3-2 to move towards possibly ending a neutral Internet meaning some groups would be able to pay to make sure their "packets" get to the user faster than another group. This article explains it, but also mentions that even if the rules remain as they are right now, that Internet providers still will probably use the courts in their attempt to get their way. By the way, the public always gets to voice their opinions online and this is potentially a very important issue.
The two videos explain why net neutrality is so important.